If your trial is blinded a code list will be used to link randomisation (kit) codes to treatments.
When a patient is randomised, a kit code is assigned from this list. Only people who have access to the list know what treatment this code is linked to. Normally the only people who have access to the list are:
Example code list
Codes are written or printed on the packaging of drugs you give to trial patients. This is usually done either by the trial pharmacies or a specialist drug packaging company. Obviously these parties will need to be unblinded and require a copy of the code list to do this.
If the codes are pre-printed on the kits, you will need to allocate different parts of the code list to different trial sites. You will need to update the randomisation system with this information to ensure the code allocated is available on site when randomising a patient. Conversely, if pharmacies hold unblinded stocks of the trial drugs a pharmacist can write the kit code on the packaging at randomisation. In this case there is no need to allocate different parts of the code list to different trial sites in advance.
The code list can be created by your own statistician or by Sealed Envelope. In the former case please send the code list to us as a spreadsheet or CSV file.
The kit code can be any format - it can be a simple number (1, 2, 3…), a box/pack number (2000/21) or an alphanumeric code (AF3, TY8) as above. Some issues to bear in mind when devising a format are:
Code list with sequential codes
A randomisation list determines the order in which treatments will be allocated to subjects. It may be blocked and/or stratified. It does not contain kit codes - these are kept separately in a code list. Randomisation lists are not needed when dynamic methods of allocated are used, such as minimisation.
Example randomisation list
If you are using our comprehensive randomisation service, we customise the randomisation form for your trial. The fields to include on this form would normally include:
There may be rare occasions when you cannot access Sealed Envelope, either because of an issue with your internet access or down-time at Sealed Envelope. The trial coordinating centre should be prepared for this event and have a back-up procedure in place. This will usually be described in a randomisation SOP. Common strategies are:
The appropriate strategies will vary by trial. If a manual randomisation is performed, an administrator account can be used to update the randomisation system when it becomes available again.
When a trial uses a code list and a dynamic method of allocation such as minimisation then occasionally the treatment group chosen may not be available on site. This is more likely to happen when the drug supply is constrained so that each site does not hold much trial drug stock.
When this happens one of two things can happen:
In the latter case this is called a forced randomisation because the first choice treatment allocation was not available.
Sealed Envelope randomisation systems support both outcomes. You can see whether forced allocations are allowed for your trial on the specification page. If an allocation is forced it is recorded in the randomisation database.
Read about the problems of using real envelopes.
First check that you are trying to log in to the correct system. If you have an email with your login details from Sealed Envelope the URL of the system concerned will be present in the email. In particular be aware that test systems and live system are different and do not share the same login information.
Click on the Forgot your password? link on the log in page and enter the email address for your account. If you have an account you will be sent an email with instructions.
If you do not receive the email you either do not have an account or the email has gone to your Spam folder or been blocked by your email provider. Contact your email provider if you are sure you have an account. Contact the trial manager or other holder of an administrator account for the system concerned if you do not have an account.
When a randomisation system is set up, the first administrator account is created by Sealed Envelope and the login details are sent to that person’s email address. The administrator should log in and create the trial sites, unless the sites have been pre-coded by Sealed Envelope.
You do not need to add all your sites at once - you can come back later and add more sites as needed.
Next you should add some investigator accounts for each site so that randomisations can be performed by the sites. You do this through Access.
If your trial has a code list you should update the list to reflect the availability of treatment kits at each site. Randomisation cannot occur if there are no codes available at a site.
Finally check the specification page and randomisation form and report any discrepancies or errors to Sealed Envelope.
When your randomisation system is set up in Sealed Envelope’s evaluation environment, you should test it until you are satisfied it meets your requirements and is randomising as expected.
The test system is an identical copy of the live randomisation system except it will use a dummy randomisation list or code list (where appropriate). To test it, we recommend taking the following steps:
Notification emails are sent out from our servers when randomisations take place or for various other events. Sometimes a recipient doesn’t receive the email. There are several reasons for this which in descending order of likelihood are:
Unfortunately we cannot resend notifications so if your mail administrator cannot find it your only option is to ask someone else who received the same notification to forward a copy to you.